The Romans: what inventions came from this time?
In what period did the Romans live?The Roman Empire existed from around 753 BC to 476 AD. The Eastern Roman Empire continued to exist at the end of this period. This empire existed until 1453 and consisted of Byzantines (the inhabitants). Just like the Romans of the Western Roman Empire, they were highly developed with regard to knowledge and science. The Romans had made a lot of inventions over the centuries. These Roman inventions proved to be the foundation for contemporary society.
WeighThe Romans were responsible for the construction of the first paved roads. The 'road network' provided an advantage for the transport of goods and the movement of people such as army units. The Roman soldiers were able to go much further by the roads that were built, so that the empire could be better controlled and protected. The roads were also used by traders who sold their products. However, the roads that the Romans had built in the Netherlands were mainly unpaved and therefore less efficient than the rest of the empire. Remnants of these unpaved roads are sometimes found in the form of discolored grains of sand.
The transportation of mailThanks to the arrival of roads and the first postal services, mail could be transported faster. These posts were staffed by different people so that people could alternate. This ensured that the mail finally arrived at its destination faster.
A Roman bridge in Portugal / Source: Carole Raddato, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA-2.0)
BridgesBridges were necessary to cross rivers. A wooden mold was used to get the stones in an arc. The stones were placed on this mold. The last stone is called the so-called 'keystone'. This stone ensured that all stones in the arch remained in place. Because these bridges were so strong, some bridges are still in use today.
The aqueductThe aqueduct is a construction for moving water. This construction can be huge (depending on the environment). The water was transported to the cities for, among other things, fountains and other water supplies.
A schematic representation of an aqueduct with arcades / Source: Public domain, Wikimedia Commons (PD)Arcades
So-called 'arcades' were used to guide the aqueduct through a valley. These are multiple arches in the construction that ensure that the water can run horizontally. These arches can also be seen as several tunnels that are positioned next to each other. Some structures even have multiple floors with several arcades positioned one above the other. This was often necessary when the water had to be drained over a high height.